It is an operation in which a deceased Liver is removed & replaced with a healthy liver from a donor.
It is a life saving treatment for patients with liver failure, a condition in which the liver is not able to sustain body needs. A patient with either acute or chronic liver failure will benefit from a transplant.
Liver donation can be from a living donor or a deceased (brain dead, cadaveric) donor.
If a living person donates a part of his / her liver, it is called living donor liver transplant. Living donor is a family member or close relative of the patient. A living donor should have the following:
•Compatible blood group with recipient
•Family member (first, second or third degree relatives)
•Age 18-50 years
•Should not be overweight
•Donor should be in good overall physical & mental health
•Donor liver should be large enough to provide adequate volume to recipient
Even though it requires a major operation it is considered safe, because of 2 reasons:
Liver reserve: Even 25% of liver can provide sufficient function for a donor, at end of operation at least 30% is left behind in the person who donates liver..
Regeneration: Capacity of liver to regenerate/ regrow back to its normal size, liver regenerates up to 80-90% within 2-3 months.
Success rate- Success rate of liver transplant is around 95%
Life after transplant – A patient can lead a normal productive life after a liver transplant. He needs lifelong medication & follow-up.
After liver donation, donor leads a normal life. Quality of life is not affected after liver donation. Donors have gone back and joined the army. Even Ladies have given birth to children after donation.
Talk to our transplant coordinator for better assistance.
Liver Transplant & Surgical Gastroenterology