Endocrinology And Diabetes
Department of Endocrinology deals with various hormonal disorders related to the glands that often affect other parts of the body beyond the glands. It is rapidly evolving discipline of medicine in the recent times. While primary care doctors know a lot about the human body, for diseases and conditions directly related to glands they will usually send a patient to an endocrinologist.The department of endocrinology at PSRI is well equipped with state of the art laboratory facilities and the team of highly skilled dietician, ophthalmologist, nephrologist and surgeons provides comprehensive care for diabetes and all common and rare endocrine disorders.
We manage common and rare endocrine disorders like
1. Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disease characterized by high blood glucose levels. It is caused by defective functioning of one the endocrine glands i.e. pancreas. If not diagnosed or treated in the early stages, it can lead to various complications like loss of vision, kidney failure, nerve dysfunction and reduced sensation, foot ulcers and amputation, heart attack, stroke and sexual dysfunction. Diabetes predisposes the patient to acquire infection and uncontrolled diabetes can result into premature ageing and can decrease longevity.
India is diabetes capital of the world as it unfortunately is home to the largest number of diabetics in the world, around 40 million people. It becomes a distinct need in our country to provide accessible & affordable diabetes care services. Proper care of diabetes involves not only blood sugar control, but also the control of blood pressure, cholesterol and periodic checking of urine protein (microalburmuria) and retina of the eye (fundus test). PSRI offers comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic services for all types of diabetes at its Diabetes Centre managed by qualified experts like- Endocrinologist and Diabetologist, eye specialist (Ophthalmologist), dietician, Nephrologist and Cardiologist. Periodic checkups are required to be carried out to evaluate disease progress and prevention of complications for which there are various diabetes checkup packages that are suitable to the requirements of different diabetic patients. Regular checkup and timely interventions can adequately manage diabetes & associated complications.
We manage all types of diabetes including
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Chronic pancreatitis with secondary diabetes
- Diabetes in pregnancy.
2. Thyroid Disorders
Disorders of the thyroid gland like hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and thyroid nodules are also very common in general population. Hypothyroidism is associated with lethargy, reduced exercise tolerance, weight gain and leads to poor quality of life. Hyperthyroidism is associated with weight loss, palpitations, tremors, heat intolerance and increased stool frequency. These disorders if untreated, affect growth and development of children. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism improve completely with medical therapy. We offer following services to patients with thyroid disorders
- Thyroid function test (Total and free T3 and T4; TSH)
- Thyroid ultrasound
- FNAC of thyroid nodules
3. Reproductive Endocrinology
Hormonal disorders of reproductive system can affect person of any age. These disorders can result in poor sexual development, irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism (male pattern hair growth in females) and infertility in females. In males, hormonal disturbances can result in poor sexual development, poor sexual function and infertility. We provide comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic services to all these disorders. With the help of highly qualified and competent urologists and gynecologists, we offer assisted reproduction also.
4. Pediatric Endocrinology
Like adults, children can also be affected by hormonal disorders. These disorders can present with poor growth and short stature. If left untreated, these can result in short final height. We provide thorough evaluation and management with hormone/growth hormone therapy in affected patients. Children can also present with delayed or poor sexual development due to hormonal disturbances. We provide comprehensive evaluation and management of these diseases.
5. Bone disorder
Rickets and osteomalacia are common diseases affecting bones in children and adults respectively. These disorders result in bone pains, bone deformities and fragility fractures (fracture without significant injury). These diseases can result in significant morbidity and affect quality of life. Osteoporosis can result in fragility fractures and associated with significant morbidity and mortality if left untreated. Disorders of parathyroid gland can result in disturbances in blood calcium levels. We provide with state of the art facilities to diagnose and treat metabolic bone diseases. Our orthopedics and physiotherapy team also provide rehabilitation services and surgeries to correct bony deformities.
6. Metabolic disorders and obesity
We also provide facilities for evaluation and management of patients with obesity and disorders of lipid disorders.